ICAO Structure: Pronouns – Reflexive
The aim of this short article is to focus on reflexive pronouns. Firstly, I’d like to remind how they are formed; moreover, I’d like to present in which cases they are used.
What Are Reflexive Pronouns?
Reflexive pronouns can be distinguished with the suffixes -self for singular, whereas plural forms take -selves. The detailed description is shown in two boxes presented below.
Reflexive pronouns for singular forms are formed in the following ways:
Reflexive pronouns for plural forms are formed in the following ways:
When We Use Reflexive Pronouns?
We use reflexive pronouns when:
- There is the same subject and object in a sentence:
– “Annie (she) looked at herself in the mirror.” (Annie is the subject and object; however “Annie looked at her in the mirror.” would imply Annie looked at another female.)
– “Are James and Nicole enjoying themselves?
– “I must introduce myself.”
- If we want to put an emphasis on the subject of a clause:
– “He came to visit her at the hospital himself.” (The emphasis made by this reflexive pronoun shows the importance of a fact he turned up.)
– “I myself couldn’t believe I had made such a fundamental mistake.”
- They are used as a synonym for a phrase “on my own” – “Have you made this bracelet by yourself? It’s delightful.” In this context, there is always “by” in the first place followed by a reflexive pronoun – by themselves, by myself, etc.
Should you need some extra activities concerning the subject presented above, please check a British Council website with the interactive exercises presented at the bottom of their website – click here to be transferred and check your grammar by yourself 😉
If you find this blog post useful, please check my other articles which will help you understand other grammar rules:
- Plans and Intentions – Will and Going To – click!
- Time Linkers – A guide through the most common – click!
- Holiday, Vacation or Holidays – Vocabulary practice – click!