ICAO Level 4 Structure: Pronouns – Reflexive

ICAO Structure: Pronouns – Reflexive

The aim of this short article is to focus on reflexive pronouns. Firstly, I’d like to remind how they are formed; moreover, I’d like to present in which cases they are used.

What Are Reflexive Pronouns?

Reflexive pronouns can be distinguished with the suffixes -self for singular, whereas plural forms take -selves. The detailed description is shown in two boxes presented below.

Reflexive pronouns for singular forms are formed in the following ways:

Singular reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns for plural forms are formed in the following ways:

Plural reflexive pronouns

When We Use Reflexive Pronouns?

We use reflexive pronouns when:

  • There is the same subject and object in a sentence:
    – “Annie (she) looked at herself in the mirror.” (Annie is the subject and object; however “Annie looked at her in the mirror.” would imply Annie looked at another female.)
    – “Are James and Nicole enjoying themselves?
    – “I must introduce myself.”


  • If we want to put an emphasis on the subject of a clause:
    – “He came to visit her at the hospital himself.” (The emphasis made by this reflexive pronoun shows the importance of a fact he turned up.)
    – “I myself couldn’t believe I had made such a fundamental mistake.”


  • They are used as a synonym for a phrase “on my own” – “Have you made this bracelet by yourself? It’s delightful.” In this context, there is always “by” in the first place followed by a reflexive pronoun – by themselves, by myself, etc.


Should you need some extra activities concerning the subject presented above, please check a British Council website with the interactive exercises presented at the bottom of their website – click here to be transferred and check your grammar by yourself 😉

If you find this blog post useful, please check my other articles which will help you understand other grammar rules:

Reflexive Pronouns English

Emilia Barska
About me

General English teacher and Aviation English specialist. Devoting her free time to sharing her expert knowledge how to pass an ICAO exam with flying colors. She enjoys reading crime stories, listening to heavy metal music and sipping a vanilla latte.