How To Describe An Aircraft?
You already know how to describe a picture in terms of an ICAO examination, so now let’s focus on a more detailed part. An aircraft is an obvious and unquestionable element for aviators. Make sure you know the appropriate linguistic advanced structures for aircraft description.
Is Aircraft A Countable Or Uncountable Noun?
“Aircraft” is a countable noun. It’s the same in both singular (an aircraft) and plural (aircraft).
These forms are grammatically correct:
“Taxiing is the movement of an aircraft on the ground, under its own power, in contrast to towing or pushback where the aircraft is moved by a tug.” (Wikipedia: “taxiing” entry)
“An F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft crashed Tuesday during routine flight training, the Wisconsin Air National Guard’s 115th Fighter Wing said.” (CNN.com)
“The modern aircraft use more sustainable aviation fuel”. (“Aircraft” here is a collective noun.)
If you want to add the number of aircraft, the word remains the same. No “s” is added.
“Sunday’s operation involved 15 aircraft and followed a similar drill that led to a warning from Washington.” (BBC.com)
So that’s the only incorrect option here is
aircrafts. Worth remembering if you don’t want to end up on Level 3 Pre-Operational:
No, no, no, please. Replace it with “airplanes” or “planes“.
Count The Engines – Is It A Single-engine, Twin-engine, A Trijet, Four-engine Or Multi-engine?
When you describe a plane, you can also mention a number of engines:
- a single-engine plane – mainly used for general aviation description
- twin-engine – an aircraft with two jet engines,
- a trijet – a jet powered by three jet engines,
- a four-engined aircraft = a multi-engine
Count the Aisles – Is It A Single-Aisle or Twin-Aisle Airliner?
The number of aisles will clearly indicate whether an aircraft is a medium- or a long-range jet.
- A single-aisle aircraft is a narrow-body aircraft allowing up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below 4 meters (13 feet) of width.
- A twin-aisle aircraft is a wide-body aircraft that can accommodate two passenger aisles with 7 or more seats abreast. The typical fuselage diameter is 5 to 6 meters (16 to 20 feet).
Aircraft Paint Schemes – What’s The Difference Between a Decal and Livery?
What Is A Decal?
Decals are usually adhesive decorative graphic elements on foil or stickers used for aircraft personalization.
Decals are usually less expensive and easier to apply than a livery. Decals are often made for short– and medium-term use.
What is A Livery?
The livery is the permanent design that is put on a company’s aircraft.
Liveries are usually more expensive and more difficult to apply than a decal Liveries are often made for long-term use.
The types of liveries:
- a national livery
- a retro livery
- a special livery (a Star Wars-themed paint design or Iron Maiden livery)
Pssst! Remember this collocation “in the livery of“:
- in special livery
- in retro livery
- in the livery of Air India
Is It A Passenger of Cargo Aircraft?
It’s such a basic distinction but the examination pressure can make you forget the simplest facts like if a shown plane is a passenger or freighter/cargo aircraft or a military transport aircraft.